Bwindi impenetrable forest climate, is recorded as wet and dry through out the year, the park is covered of a rain tropical forested area and thus the temperatures keep alternating throughout the year with an predictable weather changes since the rain can be received at any time of the day, even during the dry seasons you can not be sure whether their will be no rain at all but you will experience a little drizzle at any time or even during the gorilla trekking in the forest.
Bwindi impenetrable forest climate, From the mare, glance at Bwindi’s title you can surely have a clue of the type of vegetation and the terrain of this area without even you setting foot in Bwindi national park. Bwindi derived its name from the local word to mean impassable, the forest is dense with thick canopies and thick undergrowth characterized by bamboo stands, thick ferns and the forest is mainly occupied by tall tress which make thick and impassable. you will prove all these when you visit Bwindi impenetrable forest national park in south western Uganda, the park is famously known for gorilla trekking activity. The forest is thick and impassable with the vehicle but can only be accessed on foot following the trails created by the gorillas in the forest.
The location of Bwindi and the vegetation type in Bwindi forest, are the leading factors in modifying the climate of the area, these have acted as factors of rainfall formation thus have led to rain fall formation around Bwindi impenetrable forest national park. Bwindi is situated in the steep slopes and the rocky grounds along the Virunga mountain ranges in south western Uganda covering an area of about 331km2.
Just like any other national park in Uganda, Bwindi impenetrable forest climate too is not different from other national parks in Uganda. The altitude in Bwindi national park, measures up to 1160m to 2607m above sea level, indicating that the higher you go the cooler it becomes, thus making the temperatures in higher altitude colder compared to the lower altitude. During the gorilla trek, the temperatures drop to about 6 degrees celicious for every raise in altitude as you hike to about 1000 metres the temperatures drop has it becomes more colder due to the rise in altitude. However, gorilla trekking in Bwindi, depends on the gorilla sectors booked since Bwindi is comprised of 4 sectors for gorilla trekking like Buhoma and Nkuringo, are found in areas of low altitude.
The climate of Bwindi is wet and mild and it does not change a lot throughout the year due to the fact that even in dry seasons, when there should be hot temperatures, rainfall can still be received in areas in Bwindi tropical rain forest. Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, is an aspect of the orientation of the location to the equator. Therefore, the temperatures in Bwindi impenetrable forest is un predictable since the rains can still be received during any season/ period of the year. There is no defined season for rainfall received in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park throughout the year.
The temperatures received in Bwindi, are relatively high to about 23 degrees Celsius during the day and tend to drop to about 11 degrees Celsius during night hours and these happens throughout the year despite the hot temperatures received during the day, the temperatures keep changing from time to time. The wet seasons when there is much rainfall received experiences colder temperatures than the dry season, although there is much rain received ,there is always sun shine after the rain so you will expect a little bit of sun after the rain which will raise the temperatures where by you will experience some hot days. These means that Bwindi forest national park, has no defined dry seasons and wet seasons in the year . Bwindi is cold with average temperatures ranging from 7 degrees Celsius to 20-degree Celsius in the morning and at night. The coldest months in Bwindi are June and July, while the rainy seasons are March-May and September-November, with total annual precipitation of up to 2390 mm. The March-May rains were low. They’re heavier in September-November, but they can be long hours of light drizzle.
The dry season; the dry seasons in Bwindi impenetrable forest, is experienced in the month of June, to July, and December to February. But there is no guarantee that there will be no rainfall at all following the nature of Bwindi it being a tropical rain forest, you will expect rain at any point of the day. The month of December and February, are recorded to be the driest time of the season in the year when the land is dry and the there is no rain fall making it easy for may activities to be performed without any distortions. June and July are also dry month of in the year but you will expect some afternoon drizzles therefore, its always advisable to carry proper equipment during your visit to Bwindi impenetrable forest national park. Proper clothing like the rain jacket, hiking boots among others. Then towards August, the weather changes with an increase in rainfall received and its always proper to have your raincoat in case of the rains mainly during the gorilla trekking in the forest so as to keep your body warm and dry.
The second dry season dry season experienced is in December through January to February and these months are recorded to be dry with hot temperatures throughout the season, these dry months, follow after the short rainy season and thereafter and the temperatures start to increase towards February. The temperatures in Bwindi impenetrable forest, measure up to 24 degrees Celsius during the hot days and drop up to 12 degrees Celsius during the night up to the morning hours. Therefore, gorilla trekking in Bwindi always starts early morning so you will need to curry some heavy clothes to curb the morning coldness while heading in to the forest for the start of your gorilla trekking activity.
Despite the fact that Bwindi impenetrable forest national park is open to visitors throughout the year, but the best time of the year to visit the park is during the dry seasons of the year. During the dry season, the forest is dry which makes it passable, the dry forest, also enables the travellers to locate the gorillas and to observe them without any destruction from the leafy shrubs, however, bird watching is at its best during the dry season, the clear skies lighten the woods during the dry season , enabling birders to catch clear views of the woodland birds.
The wet season is normally witnessed in the months of March, April and May with heavy rainfall received throughout the park. It intensifies in the month of April where by the rainfall received is extremely too much hence making the forest impassable, the roads and trails become muddy and slippery causing difficulty in gorilla trekking and hiking through the forest. The wet season is normally divided in to two that is the month of march and May recorded to be having short rains but increases in September and November with heavy rains received through out. This is when most of the activities are interfered in the park. But still, it’s the best time for bird watching, it’s the period when Migratory birds are noticed in the park which is suitable for bird watching activity and interesting for bird watchers as an additional activity to gorilla trekking.
The wet season is characterized by heavy rains and consistent drizzles through out the day. Despite the rains in the dry season, the temperatures do not change much with about 24 degrees celicious during day and drops to 11 degrees Celsius during night hours.
The wet season in Bwindi impenetrable forest, is unique in the way that, the mountain gorillas descend down to the less colder areas due to the fact that the high altitude becomes extremely cold thus forcing the gorillas descend down to the areas of lower altitude. Trekkers therefore, during the gorilla trek, find it easier to locate the gorillas since this reduces on their movement in search for food because the abundant rainfall helps in the growth of plants in which gorillas feed on. Therefore, in case you are booking for your gorilla trekking safari in the dry season, you should take note of the nature of the wet season in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park and remember to carry heavy clothing like hiking boots, water proof jacket, long sleeved shirt/ blouse among others and 4×4 wheel is highly recommended during the wet season.