Hirwa Gorilla Group

Hirwa Gorilla Family is one of the gorilla families well known in volcanoes national park in Rwanda but recently shifted to Uganda’s Mgahinga national park. These two national parks neighbor each other in the Virunga Massif with exactly the same kind of vegetation cover which enables these animals to stay in any of the areas.

Mountain gorillas are critically endangered subspecies of the eastern gorillas. the only place you can find these primates is the Virunga massif (Mgahinga national park, Volcanoes national park and the DRC) and Bwindi Impenetrable forest national park. Gorillas are very mobile animals and for quite a long time, Mgahinga and Volcanoes national park have been sharing Nyakagezi gorilla family which roams around the two parks and has been the only habituated gorilla group trekked in Mgahinga. It was however good news to hear that Uganda has received another gorilla family (Hirwa gorilla family) which migrated in august 2019 from the northern part of Volcanoes national park in Kinigi province and settled in the southern part of mgahinga national park. hirwa gorilla family consisted of 17 members at the time they migrated to Uganda but lost 4 of them that were struck by lightning in the forest of Mgahinga.

Uganda Wildlife Authority has been availing only 8 gorilla trekking permits for Mgahinga national park daily but this has now increased to 16 permits availed daily until the group migrates again back to Rwanda. we have no idea about when it could move back to Rwanda but all the members are very safe in Uganda as they remain under the Conservation policy of the International Gorilla Conservation Program which is in charge of all gorillas of the Virunga area.

Trekking for gorillas in mgahinga national park

Mgahinga national park is the smallest national park in Uganda. There have always been only 8 permits produced each day for tourists who want to go for gorilla trekking in the park since there was only one gorilla group called Nyakagyezi. Nyakagyezi was joined by an interesting gorilla family from Rwanda in August 2019 increasing the gorilla trekking permits to Mgahinga to 16 per day. Contact us to book for your gorilla trekking permit to trek for Hirwa gorilla family. A gorilla trekking permit costs $700.

Gorilla Poaching is one of the major threats for both Mountain and Lowland Gorillas. Gorilla Poachers usually use the most brutal means to attack and Kill the gorillas in their natural habitat which has for long reduced the number of Gorillas especially the mountain gorillas which are currently enlisted as an endangered species.

Why Gorilla Poachers kill the Gorillas

Gorilla Poaching for Bush Meat

Central Africa is popular for the sale illegal Bush meat, the Gorillas and chimpanzees being some of the wildlife which is hunted for meat. It should be noted that it is very hard to hunt the gorillas and therefore the Gorilla meat is rare and very expensive which motivates Gorilla Poachers to continue hunting for the gorillas.  It should be however noted that due to conservation efforts, Gorilla poaching has been totally eliminated in Uganda and Rwanda, therefore at the moment this is common in Congo and central Africa.

Gorilla Poaching for Medicinal Purposes

Many people and medicine men believer that parts / meat of Gorillas cure some sicknesses. This has also been a motivation factor in central Africa that has made gorilla poaching continue despite being declared illegal.

Gorilla Poaching for trophies

The Gorillas both mountain and lowland are very strong and hard to hunt, this has made several trophy hunters to continue poaching the gorillas for pride and trophies.

Gorilla Poaching Statistics

The number of mountain gorillas had reduced to 700 individuals by the late 1990’s and the population of the lowland gorillas had also been reducing drastically. By 2009 it was estimated that about 4% of the gorillas where being poached monthly and thus this called for strong conservation efforts to save this endangered species of primates.

Gorilla Conservation in Uganda and Rwanda

Uganda and Rwanda have in the past decades stepped up the conservation their efforts to conserve the mountain gorillas. This was done by first creation of the national parks by declaring them as protected areas, then beefing up security in these areas to stop gorilla poachers from Killing the mountain gorillas.  The conservation efforts where boasted by introducing the gorilla trekking activity, which has been generating funds to facilitate the conservation efforts as well as being used to develop infrastructure near the parks and also for sensitization of the communities around the protected areas about the importance of the mountain gorillas.

 Gorilla Poaching in Africa, Gorilla Poachers, Gorilla Conservation efforts

How tall are gorillas

How tall are silverback gorillas?, The tallest silverback gorilla

This Blog provides information on Tallest gorilla, How tall are gorillas, how tall are silverback gorillas, tallest silverback gorilla, tallest gorilla ever, how tall is a gorilla, how tall is a silverback gorilla.

Tallest Gorilla Ever Fact:

The tallest gorilla recorded stood at 1.95 m (6 ft 5 in) silverback with an arm span of 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in), a chest of 1.98 m (6 ft 6 in), and a weight of 219 kg (483 lb),  the tallest gorilla ever died in 1938 after being shot in Alimbongo, northern Kivu in the eastern democratic republic of congo.

Silverback gorillas are normally bigger, larger, heavier and taller than female gorillas. they have more muscles on their bodies and weigh higher than other gorillas.

A silverback is an adult male gorilla. They are referred to as “silverback” because their back hair turns to silver when they approach maturity at the age of 11 years and by 15, they are considered fully mature. Gorillas live in groups and each gorilla group is headed by a silverback that will be able to protect its members, provide food, care for it and will be the only one to mate with the females. In case the gorilla group is attacked by an enemy or approached by a gorilla that is not a member of the group, the silverback protects its members by threatening or fighting the intruder. Silverbacks therefore have to be strong enough to protect their groups.

How tall are gorillas?

There are two types of gorillas; Eastern gorillas and Western gorillas. Eastern gorillas have two subspecies namely mountain gorillas and eastern lowland gorillas and there are also two subspecies of western gorillas namely the Western lowland gorillas and Cross river gorillas.

The Eastern lowland gorillas are the tallest subspecies of gorillas. A male Eastern lowland gorilla grows to a height of about 1.85 meters while females reach a height of 1.6 meters.

The average height of a mountain gorilla is 1.7 meters. Silverbacks reach a height of 9 inches while females range from 5 feet.

The tallest silverback ever recorded was 1.95 meters with an arm span of 2.7 meters with weight of 219 kilograms. It was shot in 1938 in a place known as Alimbogo in the northern part of Kivu in the DRC.

Western gorillas are generally slightly smaller and shorter than the other gorilla types. They inhabit the tropical and sub-tropical forests of the western parts of Africa in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Angola and Nigeria. The height of western gorillas ranges from 1.2 meters to 1.8 meters.

Gorillas have two legs and two arms and they often use all the four during movement though they can stand on their legs alone. They can also move only on legs but for a short time and they’ll thereafter get include the arms. The arms are longer and stronger than the legs. The length of a gorilla arm is almost two times the height of its leg.

This Blog provides information on Tallest gorilla, How tall are gorillas, how tall are silverback gorillas, tallest silverback gorilla, tallest gorilla ever, how tall is a gorilla, how tall is a silverback gorilla.

It’s believed that, the gorillas share a total DNA of 98% with humans and they are the next to humans after the chimpanzee, yet they live in the wild in the thick forests, the common question is that what do gorillas eat/ feed on?

Mountain gorillas are the endangered animal species living in the dense tropical forest of Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, Mgahinga national park in south western Uganda, volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga national park in the democratic republic of Congo. These three African countries, are situated in east Africa and are famously known to be harboring the mountain gorillas.

The mountain gorillas have the same DNA like that of humans and they are known to be the strongest and largest primate species on earth, the mountain gorillas, are divided in to two gorilla species that is the east low land gorillas and the western low land gorillas from the two categories, , they are also subdivided in to four categories that is the mountain gorillas, western low land gorillas, eastern low land gorillas and cross river gorillas. The mountain gorillas, are slightly different from the rest of the gorillas because of their body shape, and the habitat they live in. the gorillas are named basing on their different habitats and the body shape.

The endangered gorillas live in the thick forest of Bwindi impenetrable forest, volcanoes national park, Mgahinga national park, and Virunga national park these countries are situated in Africa. Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, harbours the largest number of gorillas, the park has got over half of the world remaining population of the mountain gorillas and its one of the highly visited destination in Uganda for gorilla trekking experience, Bwindi is sub divided in to four sectors including Buhoma, Nkuringo. Rushaga, Ruhija these sectors harbour habituated gorilla families that are open to tourists for gorilla trekking, the park has got 18 habituated gorilla families one of which is trekked at Mgahinga gorilla national park. volcanoes national park, is also home to the endangered mountain gorilla species, the park has got 14 habituated gorilla families opened to trekkers and the rest are for research purposes. Virunga is situated in the Democratic Republic of Congo with 8 habituated gorilla families ready for gorilla trekking, these gorilla families are being trekked on a daily basis. Therefore, back to the question, what do gorillas eat?  Gorillas feeding habits, depends on their natural habitat, where they live and the season or time of the year.

The mountain gorillas are herbivores and mainly feed on vegetation as their daily meal, they also feed on other plants like stems. Flowers, buds, barks. Seeds, bamboo, shoots, fruits, vines, herbs, roots, leaves, shrubs, and young branches from trees. They also feed on insects like ants, snails, caterpillars, termites among others but in small quantity since they are full of proteins. They also eat ash, soil to help regulate their digestive system, and to neutralize the poisonous plants that they may have consumed, also the ash adds minerals to their system and all their lively hood is in the forest, shelter, food and they depend entirely in the forest until when they die.

The mountain gorillas live and move together in groups of 2 t0 40 members with the Silverback has the head of the family. The Silverback holds the position of leadership in the family by looking after the family, defending the family in case of any harm, settling dispute, deciding the feeding area for the family, time of feeding and making nests, among other things the head of the family should for his family. The Silver back gorilla takes leadership until when he is old or dies, that when another silver back can take over the leadership of the family.

There is slight difference between mountain gorillas the low land gorillas, the mountain gorillas are smaller in size compared to the low land gorillas. They mainly live in the tropical forest and feed on vegetation and plants which does not support fruit growth due to the high altitude which does not support the growth of fruits compared the low land climate. The lowland gorillas are bigger in size and feed on mostly fruits, seeds and tree backs mostly during the dry season when there is scarcity of vegetation.

Mountain gorillas when feeding, do not complete the whole vegetation in an area but they feed selectively for example, they can consume stems from one plant, move to the next and eat the leaves, roots from another, and so on this is done to allow the vegetation to re-grow since they will need food also for the next day. The gorillas move from one place to another looking for food every day.

the life span of a gorilla is 35 years and beyond, the female gorillas have slow rate of giving birth, they give birth to 4-6 off springs throughout their life. They start giving birth at the age of 10-12 years and their gestation period takes about 8.5 month in order to deliver. These slow rate of giving birth, makes it hard for the population to raise faster. A new born gorilla weighs up to 3-4 kgs and feed on only breast milk up to the age of five month. The mothers feed them once in one hour, the feeding continues up to the age of 4 years. The female gorillas weigh 113kg and are five feet tall while the male gorilla weighs 136 kg to 196kg and measure up to 5 to 9 feet tall making the male gorilla huge, stronger and bigger than the female gorillas.

Best time to visit gorillas

Mountain gorillas in any the three east African countries that is Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, Mgahinga national park in Uganda, volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga national park in democratic republic of Congo. All these parks are open for tourist visiting for gorilla trekking any time of the year, gorilla trekking is an activity done in all national parks throughout the year. However, it’s so, but the most appropriate to visit is during the dry seasons when there is no rainfall and the ground Is dry and less slippery since gorilla trekking involves hiking steep slopes in the forest, it requires the ground to be dry. The dry season is from the month of February, June, July, August, September, December January these months have little or rainfall at all, the ground is dry and the vegetation is dry compared to the wet season when the ground is muddy and slippery causing difficulty in trekking through the forest.

Gorillas communicate with each other in the forest using different sounds like roars, shouts, screams, growls, hooting, the chest-thumping among others. gorillas communicate with each other when they want to find food, mating, offering support to each other and showing distress when they are angry. Gorillas feed on vegetation, plats for their entire life in the wild.

The endangered mountain gorillas

Are Gorillas endangered? This is a commonly asked question and one can prove it beyond doubt that the gorillas are really an endangered species, looking closely at the remaining number of the gorilla species in the whole world clearly indicates that, the gorillas are an endangered because of the race that is remaining with very few members living in the dense tropical forests in Africa.

Gorillas is distinguished into two groups, the Eastern Gorillas and the Western Gorillas. Each Gorilla group is subdivided into two, the western Gorillas are subdivided into the western lowlands and the river gorillas and the eastern gorillas are subdivided into the mountain gorillas which inhabit the higher altitude areas and the eastern lowland gorillas inhabit the lowland areas. Gorillas lifestyle is that they live in the groups of 5 to 10 members and more and each family is by the dominant silverback as the leader of the family, he decides for the whole family for example the feeding areas, nesting areas, he also provides protection to the family members, he defends them from any cause of harm form other gorilla families. Just like humans, the male gorilla is also the head of the family and he will defend his family at any cause.

For any traveller in Africa, Gorillas in Africa are seen in three east African countries namely; Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In Uganda, gorillas are found in two national parks that is Bwindi impenetrable forest national park and Mgahinga national park both situated in south western Uganda. Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, harbours over half of the worlds population of mountain gorillas living in the tropical forest in Uganda, Bwindi has over 19 habituated gorilla families opened for gorilla trekking to the travellers 16 of which are trekked in Bwindi national park, and 1 is trekked in Mgahinga national park. but there is also a gorilla habituation experience in the Rushaga sector of Bwindi with 2 gorilla families under habituation. Rwanda gorillas are  found in volcanoes national park and its  the easiest gorilla trekking destination since they are easily accessed thus has attracted number of tourist for gorilla trekking in volcanoes national park, in DR.Congo, the gorillas are found in the Virunga national park and Kahuzi Biega national park known as the home for the eastern lowland gorillas.

There are several reasons as to why the gorilla in Africa is considered as an endangered species, we look at the top reasons closely affecting the life of the gorillas.

Habitat loss, gorillas in Africa, live in the dense tropical rain forest in Africa, the forest offers cool, moist climate and the different vegetation types from which the gorillas feed on. The gorillas are herbivores and mainly feed on stems, bamboo shoots, ants, leaves, plants and others for their survival. The biggest challenge facing the gorillas is habitat loss whereby the forests have been destroyed due to the following reasons; the increased number of people in the country in different communities which has led to encroachment of people in to the forests in search for land for settlement, agricultural purposes, livestock raring. Deforestation where by the trees are cut down for fire wood and charcoal burning mainly for sale and also for domestic purposes, these has led to the loss of habitat where the animals live causing even the death of other animals due to these factors.

Diseases affecting the gorillas, Gorillas share a total DNA of over 98% with humans making the closest relatives to humans after the chimpanzee, therefore, they are vulnerable to human diseases such as flu and cold among others and they can catch the disease for humans faster once they are exposed to the human diseases which affects the life of the gorillas since they do not have the strong immune systems to fight the disease, they find it hard to fight it hence spreading all over to other members of the family and when the disease persists, it causes the death of gorillas hence reducing the number of gorillas in the tropical forests in Africa.

Civil wars and instabilities, the life of the gorillas are endangered like in the past years due to the civil wars which broke out in Rwanda and the democratic republic of Congo, led to the destruction of the mountain gorillas in their natural habitat since the rebel groups in habited the forested areas for their hiding grounds during the civil wars which put the life of the gorillas in endangered due to the fact that many of them where killed. But currently, there peace and stability prevailing in Rwanda, and the DR. Congo whereby they have tried to conserve the life of the gorillas that’s is endangered also Bwindi and Mgahinga national park, are free to visitors taking part in gorilla trekking.

Lack of awareness, lack of awareness comes in away that people have no knowledge about the benefits and the results of conserving the gorillas. The people do not know the importance of the gorillas to the surrounding communities and the societies living around the forest inhabiting the gorilla species. Therefore, the government should enforce streaked laws and provide awareness to educate the locals on the benefits of gorilla and wildlife conservation in the country, this way, the life of the gorillas will have been tried to be protected which will result to increased number of gorillas in the coming years thus boosting the tourism activities in the east African countries taking part in gorilla trekking.

Poaching, gorillas face challenging threat from the poachers living in the surrounding villages and communities near the forests, the local people set traps along the path of the animals which catch animals like the antelopes, bush pigs and others , intern, the traps end up catching and harming the gorillas that roam around the forests in search for food. In the past years, animal poaching used be so high in volcanoes national park in Rwanda during the times of Dian Fossey a primatologist who was carrying out her research on the gorillas and also tried to conserve the life of the gorillas but later, she was murdered by the rebels during the civil war that broke out in Rwanda. After her death, the government started fighting poaching of animals in the forest and now, the country is peaceful, with no cases of poaching of the animals. But there are still rampant cases of poaching in Virunga national park in Congo and mainly they hunt the gorillas due to the following reasons;

Traditional medicines, many gorillas are being poached for the purpose of traditional medicine used by the traditional healers and the witch doctors where by, they use the gorilla body parts for charms thus causing a threat to the life of the gorilla. Since this activity requires poachers to enter the forest and to kill the gorillas leading to their destruction which in long run will cause their extinction.

For bush meat, gorillas in many occasions, are also hunted for their meat, people who have tested the gorilla meat believe that its so tasty thus causing high demand of gorilla meat due to the interest of every person wanting to test to prove if the meat tests as its being said. Also, the high demand of gorilla meat in the market, gorilla meat is transported to countries like Europe thus it has increased poaching activities since the locals want to acquire income from the sale of the meat for their survival regarding the hard life faced in the country side.

For trophies, gorillas are also being hunted down for trophies, the gorilla body parts are used to show of pride, power and wealth of private individual so as to gain more respect in the community where they live in.

Pet trade, many infant gorillas are captured and sold to the foreigners who want to keep them in their homes as pet animals. The locals who enter the forest to capture the young gorillas, end up killing the mother because the female gorillas protect the young one and it’s not easily to capture the infant from the mother .therefore, the mother dies in a process of trying to protect her child from being taken away by the poachers. And when they are taken, many infants die in the zoo since they are not used to living in such areas and conditions which does not favour their survival and the food they feed on, this is also a greatest threat to the life of the gorilla hence causing the decrease in number of the gorillas in the long run.

Conserving the endangered mountain gorillas in Africa

  • The life of the gorillas can be protected from the treats, that causes killing and the destruction of the gorilla habitats if these precautions are put in to action, thus these will help reduce on the rampant killing and the destruction of the gorillas since it will help conserve the gorilla species thus boosting the tourism industry and the economy as well which will bring about development to the countries.
  • Keeping a 7-meter feet distance away from the gorillas at all times during the gorilla trekking these will help a prevent disease transmission from the humans to the gorillas.
  • Sensitization of the local community and the country as a whole about the rampant poaching and the trading of the gorillas which as caused the life of the gorillas and other animals.
  • Any person feeling ill or having a chronic disease, is not allowed to go in to the forest to trek the gorillas like flu or cold since the gorillas are vulnerable to human disease, they can easily catch the infection which may end up killing the gorillas.
  • Do not litter the forest with papers, food droppings, bottles, these can cause diseases to gorillas. endeavour to remove all the rubbish in the forest as you walk out of the forest.
  • Supporting the local communities living the around the parks through creating projects, such as agriculture and others that will help them generate income and food for home consumption in order to avoid the use of the forest for survival.
  • Also supporting the local community business like art and craft, for example the Batwa community visits in Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga national park, Iby’lwacu cultural village visit in volcanoes national park. these activities will help the locals engage in cultural performances like cultural dances, storytelling among others to avoid using the valuable time as the time for poaching of the animals in the forest.
  • The revenue collected from these activities like gorilla trekking, the money earned, should be divided and used for gorilla conservation and the remaining percentage , be transferred to the communities to help boos the community projects like constructing hospitals to improve on the health of the people, schools which in time, will help boost the economy and later improve on the peoples standards of living thus bringing development to the communities and the locals will not take time to destroy the forest which is the habitat of the animals thus destroying the life of the animals.

The gorilla species are one of the biggest tourism attractions in east African countries that is Uganda, Rwanda and the democratic republic of Congo but the life of the gorilla is highly affected which has led to reduction in number of the gorillas seen in the tropical forest in east Africa, due to the following factors like man-made and others being the natural factors hence calling for a need to cub these dangers if the life of the gorillas is to be conserved thus boosting the tourism industry which will bring about development.

Are Gorillas Endangered? – endangered mountain gorillas

Bwindi Gorilla Groups

Bwindi Gorilla Families / Bwindi Gorilla GroupsBwindi impenetrable forest national park is a home to the largest population of mountain gorillas in the whole world and has the highest number of gorilla families. The park has about a half of the world’s remaining total population of mountain gorillas. Bwindi impenetrable national park is located in the southwestern part of Uganda, about 470km form the capital Kampala. It is situated close to the only other four national parks where you can see the endangered mountain gorillas which are Mgahinga national park also in southwestern Uganda with one habituated gorilla family, Volcanoes national park with 10 habituated gorilla families and Virunga national park in the DRC with eight habituated gorilla families.

Bwindi impenetrable national park covers a total land area of about 321 sq kilometers which is divided into four sectors; Rushaga, Ruhija, Nkuringo and Buhoma. There is a total of about 36 gorilla families in Bwindi impenetrable national park and among them, only 19 families of gorillas have been habituated. These Bwindi gorilla families are available for trekking throughout the whole year. Visitors who choose to and go for gorilla trekking in Bwindi have 98% chances to see the gorillas hence the top gorilla trekking destination in the world.

Bwindi gorilla families include the following;

Bitukura gorilla family

Bitukura gorilla family was first sighted in 2007 near a river. It initially had 24 members and today it has 14 members. The family is located in Ruhija sector with peaceful members who are close and friendly to Kyaguriro gorilla family. The family is led by a silverback named Ndahura who took over power from Karumazi because he could no longer fight for his members due to old age.

Kyaguriro gorilla family

Kyaguriro gorilla family was established in 1999 after habituation. It is situation in Ruhija sector and comprises 15 family members including 2 silverbacks. It was initially being led by Zeus before he was banished by a silverback known as Rukina and later on died at the age of 31 in 2015. The group is now being led by another silverback called Rukara.

Rushegura Gorilla family

This family has about 19 members and is led by a silverback named Mwirima. Rushegura is the place where silverback Mwirima separated from his former group called Habinyanja which was being led by his brother Rwansigazi before he formed his own group. The silverback started Rushegura family in 2002 with 12 members and the group has grown to 19 members today. It is located in Buhoma sector in the northern part of the park.

Habinyanja Gorilla family

Habinyanja gorilla family is one of the oldest habituated gorilla groups in the park. it started in 1997 and was first visited in 1999. It consists of 17 members and by the time it started, it was under the leadership of a silverback who was named “Munguris” which means “old man” who later on died and his brothers Mwirima and Rwansigazi took over. These two silverbacks had different personalities which later on forced them to separate and stay in different groups.

Mubare gorilla family

Mubare locally means “stones”. The family was named so because of it was found in the forest in Mubare hills which are stony. The family started in 1993 with 8 members. it was then habituated and by the time if was opened for tourism, there were 18 members. it later on suffered kidnap of its members and as the old aged leader of the group Ruhondenza tried to fight this problem, he developed a lot of sadness in his heart until he died while sleeping. After his death, there were only 5 members left and they have increased to 8 members being led by Kanyonyi. Mubare gorilla family is located in Buhoma sector.

Orugonza gorilla family

This group is situated in Ruhija sector consisting of 25 members who are led by Tebirikwata. It is one of the groups with many members which has been highly contributed to by higher child births compared to other groups. It is also proud to have a pair of twins. Orugonza gorilla family was put in place in 2011.

Kahungye gorilla family

Kahungye gorilla family was launched in 2011 with 27 gorilla members with 3 silverbacks. Later on, one of the members broke off with a number that left the initial gropu with only 13 members. This group is located in Rushaga sector.

Nkuringo gorilla family

The group was named after the location in Nkuringo sector. It is found in the western part of the park and it also got its name from the word “round hills” which will be seen all around the southwestern parts of Uganda where Bwindi impenetrable national park is located. Nkuringo gorilla family was the first group to be established in Nkuringo sector.

When Nkuringo gorilla family was established in 2004 for tourism, it was led by Alpha who later on died in the same year 2004. He left 2 sons Rafiki and Safari. Safari took over power and they have so far welcomed two gorilla babies since then making a family of 19 members. Nkuringo gorilla family stays in one of the places with trailheads that are quite challenging but the experience is always worth the hike when you come across this amazing family.

Mishaya gorilla family

The group was named after one of the former silverbacks who was known for fighting and frequent interactions with other groups. Mishaya broke away for Nshogi family group to form his own group. He once got involved into a severe fight in 2010 which led to loss of one of his infants. He also got a lot of injuries but was taken care of by the in charge vet and he later on died in 2014.

Mishaya is located in Rushaga sector with 12 members and is led by a silverback known as Mwine.

Nshogi gorilla family

This group was first sighted near river Nshogi hence its name Nshogi family group. It is located in Rushaga sector with 26 members. Nshongi gorilla group was put in place for tourism in 2009. It started with 36 members who were led by a silverback who was named Nsongi. The group declined to 26 members after the break off of 10 members by Mishaya who was known for fighting.

Bweza gorilla family

Bweza gorilla family has 9 members including one silverback. It is known to have been the largest group before it got split. It is located in Rushaga sector and is one of the most wonderful groups to visit.

Chritmas gorilla family

Christmas gorilla family is a new group that was established in Nkuringo sector in Bwindi impenetrable national park with 9 members and a dominant silverback called Christmas.

Busingye gorilla family

Busingye locally means “peace” and the gorilla family was named after the silverback Busingye who was a member of Kahungye group before he broke off to form his group in 2012. The group started with 7 members and is located in Rushaga sector. The family now consists of 9 members.

Bikyingi gorilla family

This gorilla family is led by Bikyingi the only silverback in the group. The family is located in Rushaga sector in the southern part of the park. it consists of 21 members including the silverback.

Mucunguzi gorilla family

Mucunguzi gorilla family broke off from Bweza group and is located in Rushaga sector. It has 8 members. Just like most gorillas that break off to form new groups, the silverback got into a fight before breaking off from Bweza. The group is led by Mucunguzi.

Kutu gorilla family

This group is also located in Rushaga sector. It is has 8 members and a silverback that leads the group.

Mukiza gorilla family

Mukiza gorilla family is located in Ruhija sector. The group was named after the silverback known as Mukiza who initiated a fight in 2016 and grabbed 10 members from Kyaguriro gorilla family to start his new family. This group is available for trekking anytime of the year.

The more the gorillas separate, the more families available in the forest for trekking and the more the permits availed for tourists to come and encounter these amazing cousins. Bwindi impenetrable national park is the world’s top mountain gorilla trekking destination.

Different Types of gorillas: How many types of gorillas are there?

Different Types of gorillas – Gorillas are one of the critically endangered species of primates in the world. They are found in the tropical rainforests in Africa and mainly dwell on the ground. Gorillas live in groups of 2-30 members and each group is headed by the strongest male. Gorilla groups consist more of the females and their young ones and sometimes a few other males.

There are two types of gorillas (species) and each of them is further categorized into two, coming up with 4 different types of gorillas (subspecies of gorillas). They were identified based on different factors including their geographical and morphology location. We have the eastern gorillas also known as the Gorilla berengei and these inhabit the rainforests in Uganda, Rwanda and the DRC and the western gorillas also known as Gorilla gorilla which inhabit the western tropical rain forests.

Western gorillas

The western gorillas are the most abundant types of gorillas and they are distinguished from the eastern gorillas by their lighter color and shape of the nose which more protruding. As the eastern gorillas are dark in color, the western gorillas can be brownish or grayish. Male western gorillas reach an average height of about 155cm while females can reach about 135cm.

Western lowland gorillas

This subspecies of the western gorillas is also known as gorilla gorilla gorilla. They are founds in the lowland swamps and montane forests in the central parts of Africa. They are characterized by their jet black skin with coarse hairs all over their bodies. This subspecies is one of the strongest and largest land animals. They live in the tropical rain forests of Central African Republic, Gabon, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon and some parts of the DRC.

Cross river Gorilla

Also known as Gorilla gorilla diehli, this subspecies of the western gorillas is found near the cross river’s headwaters between the highlands and mountains at the boarder of Nigeria and Cameroon. They are one of the most critically endangered gorilla species where there was a population of about 250 gorillas in 2014. Physical characteristics that differentiate them from other species are mainly the size difference, they are smaller. They have smaller ears, plates, cranial vault and skulls. Their hands, limbs and feet are also smaller than those of other gorilla species.

Eastern gorillas

The eastern gorillas (Gorilla Beringei) live in the eastern parts of Africa specifically Uganda, Rwanda and the eastern areas of Congo. They are further categorized into mountain gorillas and the eastern lowland gorillas. Eastern gorillas are wide in size and a notable difference from the western gorillas is seen in the black colored fur.

Mountain gorillas

Mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) are also critically endangered subspecies of the eastern gorillas. the hard work of their conservation was initiated by Dian Fossey in the 1980s in the tropical rain forests of the Virunga masiff where she studied and encouraged protection of these endangered primates but was brutally killed by poachers due to her work. From then, conservation of the mountain gorillas continued and has contributed a lot towards the increasing number in Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga national park in Uganda, volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga national park in the DRC.

Mountain gorillas are interesting cousins to human beings. They live in groups in the above mentioned parks and have been habituated for trekking; one of the most thrilling experiences you can have in Africa. A mature male gorilla weighs 140 kilograms to 200kilograms and a mature female mountain gorilla weighs 60 kilograms to 120 kilograms.

Eastern lowland gorillas

Eastern lowland gorillas (Gorilla Beringei graueri) live in the tropical rainforests of Democratic Republic of Congo in Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko national parks and other areas that are close. They are quite many in number as compared to the mountain gorillas though they are also considered to be critically endangered due to poaching and destruction of their habitat by humans.

Mountain gorilla behavioral adaptations, gorilla structural adaptations, gorilla physical adaptations, mountain gorillas adaptations.

How do gorillas adapt to the tropical rainforest

Mountain gorilla adaptations

Mountain gorilla adaptations – Mountain gorillas are endangered giant primates found in only 3 countries in the whole world. Mountain gorillas almost got extinct in the 19th century until a famous late primatologist known as Dain Fossey conducted studies about them which among others included how gorillas adapt to their environment. She also put in a lot of effort in their conservation but was later on killed by gorilla poachers because of her work. Her work awakened conservationists to take over this conservation responsibility and they have been protected and conserved since then. Today, there are more about 1,000 mountain gorillas in the world and more than half of the total population is found in the tropical forests of Uganda while the rest live on the slopes of Virunga volcanoes in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Mountain gorillas just like other gorillas feed on fruits, leaves, seeds, barks and insects among others. They are different from other gorillas by their habits and physical appearance; mountain gorillas have longer and thicker fur than lowland gorillas, have black fur white lowland gorillas have brownish fur and mountain gorillas can’t survive in captivity while lowland gorillas can.

Mountain gorillas live in groups of about 5-30 members and each group is led by a strong dominant male known as a silverback that among other responsibilities protects his members. They are very mobile animals and normally rest by having naps in the afternoon.

what adaptations do gorillas have

A number of scientists and conservationists have carried out studies about how gorillas have adapted to their environments to conserve these endangered primates.

Gorillas have thick and long fur which helps them to keep their bodies warm in the cold tropical rainforests. The fur also covers their body against insects in the bushes, which could easily bite them.

Gorillas are very good at communicating using body language and vocalization. They express their emotions perfectly to each other and even people who are familiar with them will be able to understand the meaning of their expressions. Gorillas make a sound of fear by screaming when they are frightened, chuckle and giggle at funny things and they hit their chests when they charge in case of an enemy or problem. This mountain gorilla behavioral adaptations helps them to understand each other and stay away or escape from enemies.

Gorillas are mainly herbivores that feed on vegetables including fruits, leaves, barks, shoots and stems. It is easy for them to always find what to eat in the forest and they eat as much as they can.

Their social life of living in groups led by a strong dominant male who leads them on where to head to in the morning, what to do and many other responsibilities. He also decides on where they will sleep and protects them against any enemy to the group. Silverbacks are strong and have sharp canines which they use to bite their opponents or enemies. Such silverback Gorilla adaptations help gorillas to stay in safe areas.

Gorillas have flat teeth helps them to easily chew the different foods they feed on in the forest. Their colons have bacteria which break down the food and it is digested by their large intestines.

Gorillas have a peaceful behavior of avoiding conflicts and fights. Once they detect that there is danger, they slowly walk away. Most times, they will show that you are a threat and you should therefore move away rather than fighting. This gorilla adaptation has enabled them to live in the forests in peace without regular fights which could lead to deaths.

Mountain gorilla behavioral adaptations, gorilla structural adaptations, gorilla physical adaptations, mountain gorillas adaptations.

what do you call a group of gorillas

What is a group of gorillas called ? – A group of gorillas is called a troop or Band. 

Gorillas are the largest and strongest primate species on earth. Just like chimpanzees and baboons, they are also closely related to human beings. Gorillas live in tropical rainforests in east, central and western Africa. There are 2 species of gorillas namely the eastern gorillas and western gorillas and each of these are further categorized into sub species. Mountain gorillas and eastern lowland gorillas are the subspecies of eastern gorillas and cross river western gorillas and western lowland gorillas are the subspecies of western species of gorillas. Of all these subspecies, the mountain gorillas are the most endangered and they can be seen only in Uganda, Rwanda and the DRC.

What do you call a group of gorillas? a group of gorillas is called a troop or a band. Gorillas live a social life in the tropical rainforests. These gorilla groups are also referred to as families. A group of gorillas consists of 5-30 members including the silverback, females and their offsprings and sometimes a few more males. The group is headed by a strong silverback that is in charge of members’ security and is the only one who mates with the females. In case another male in the group attempts to mate with his females, it is seen as disrespect so they engage into a brutal fight and is pushed out of this group to go and form his own gorilla group.

Gorillas are very interesting animals to watch and the most popular places to see them are in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park in Uganda, Volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga national park in the DRC. Together with Mgahinga national park in southwestern Uganda which has only one gorilla group, these are the only homes of the endangered mountain gorillas.

Mountain gorillas do not survive in captivity and therefore there is nowhere else you can see them apart from the above mentioned parks. It is said that between the 1950s and 1980s, poachers were paid by zoos to snatch mountain gorilla babies from Uganda, Rwanda and the DRC which they did after killing the adult gorillas but the gorilla babies did not survive.

There are habituated gorilla groups in each of them and they are always available for trekking throughout the years. Bwindi impenetrable forest has the largest population of gorillas and the highest number of habituated groups of gorillas than any other of the above national parks. Tourists to this park have 98%chances of seeing these impressive cousins of theirs in the forest after an adventurous hike.

Group of gorillas

Families/ groups of gorillas in Bwindi impenetrable national park include Mubare gorilla family, Nkuringo gorilla family, Rushegura gorilla family, Habinyanja gorilla family, Bweza gorilla family, Bushaho gorilla family, Kahungye gorilla family, Nshongi gorilla family, Busingye gorilla family, Mishaya gorilla family, Orugozo gorilla family, Bikyingi gorilla family, Kyaguriro gorilla family, Christmas gorilla family, Bitukura gorilla family, Katwe gorilla family, Mucunguzi gorilla family, Mukiza gorilla family and Kutu gorilla family.

Bwindi impenetrable national park is divided into 4 sectors where gorilla trekking takes place. The gorilla groups above are found in the different sectors and tourists are allocated to a group depending on the kind of experience they wish to have in the forest. some gorilla families are located in areas that are steeper compared to others and would therefore require more energy in hiking while others are located in closer and less steep areas and would therefore favor people who are not good at hiking.

Gorilla trekking permits cost $600 in Uganda, $1,500 in Rwanda and $400 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

What is a group of gorillas called 

Mountain gorilla in Uganda, The Gorilla Beringei (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of two eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) subspecies. It is classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List as the total population is reported to be 1,004 individuals in two populations as of 2018. Another population lives in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park of Uganda and Mgahinga national park both situated in south western Uganda the other in the Virunga Mountains in three neighbouring national parks that is volcanoes in Rwanda, Virunga in Congo and Mgahinga national park forming the Virunga conservation area.

Bwindi impenetrable forest national park

Bwindi impenetrable forest national park is situated in south western Uganda in the district of Kisoro, the park is park of Bwindi impenetrable forest, the park was gazetted with the purpose to conserve the life of the endangered mountain gorillas from human activities like hunting, and encroachment in to the forest , destroying the natural habitat of these primate species. Bwindi national park, rests in an area of about 321 km2 and its covered with the dense tropical forest, montane highland and its famously known as a home to a large number of gorillas living in the park. the gorillas have become the prime tourist destination in Uganda, gorilla trekking, has boosted the tourism industry due to the high number of travellers visiting the park for gorilla trekking experience.

Not only is Bwindi famous for gorilla trekking, but also , the park is a paradise of birds with over 360 recorded bird species and 12 of which are not recorded anywhere in Uganda  and 90% of these are known to be Albertine rift endemics such as short tailed warbler and blue headed sunbird as well as seven IUCN red data listed species of birds. 120 species of mammals, colobus monkeys, chimpanzee, with over 400 habituated mountain gorilla families making a total of 17 habituated gorilla families free for trekking, Bwindi has 16 habituated gorilla families and two families in Rushaga sector still under habituation. One gorilla family is trekked at Mgahinga gorilla national park. mountain gorillas Aretha main attraction in these two national parks that is Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga national park offering gorilla trekking experience to travelers visiting the park.

Gorilla trekking in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park

Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, has provided both shelter and food for the gorillas living in the dense tropical forest pf Bwindi, the park harbours over half of the world population of the gorillas and others are distribute in volcanoes national park, and Virunga national park in Congo. Bwindi forest national park, is the best location for gorilla trekking with the high number of gorillas, therefore, you are assured 98% chances of seeing the mountain gorillas. Gorilla trekking in Bwindi is an all year-round activity either during the wet season, or the dry seasons of the year. This means that Bwindi forest national park, can be visited any time of the year for the memorable and the best adventure safari of your life time during the gorilla trekking experience.

Bwindi impenetrable forest, comprises of four sectors distributed in the park all having habituated mountain gorillas opened for gorilla trekking the sectors of Bwindi include; Ruhija, Buhoma, Nkuringo, Rushaga sectors in Rushaga sector, Nshongi, Kahungye, Busingye, Mishaya and Bweza gorilla group. Nkuringo sector we have Nkuringo gorilla family, Ruhija comprises of Bitukura Group and Oruzogo Group. The third group called Kyaguliro Group was committed for research and later was introduced for gorilla trekking, Buhoma gorilla families include; Mubare gorilla group, Habinyanja gorillas and Rushegura gorilla families. Gorilla trekking in the forest also exposes you a lot of other primate species including, colobus monkeys, bird species, Gorilla trekking involves having an encounter with the gorillas in their natural habitat the best part of this activity is that you have a close encounter with the gorillas in their natural habitat, you will observe them, study and learn their behaviours, take gorilla photos and videos for your memorable experience while in Uganda in case you are not planning for another trip for gorilla trekking in Uganda.

Mgahinga National park

Mgahinga national park, is also known for harbouring one habituated gorilla family, the park located in south western Uganda in the district of Kisoro. Mgahinga gorilla national park lies in the boarder with Rwanda and Congo and its one of the national parks that form the Virunga conservation area.as well as the volcanoes and the Virunga national park in Congo. Mgahinga national park, covers an area of 13.1 sqkm and its one of the smallest national parks in Uganda the park is managed by Uganda by Uganda wildlife authority a government body managing national parks in Uganda the park was gazetted with the purpose to conserve animals that where roaming freely on land and some where being poached leading to their extinction.

Mountain gorilla trekking is one of the most thought after activity in national parks harbouring gorilla habituated families. Mgahinga national park, is an ever green forest covered with bamboo and alpine forests, the forest is covered by shrubs food which gorilla feed on, therefore, the presence of abundant food, has reduced on the movement of the gorillas from one place to another since for over years the gorillas where seen crossing to Congo side but currently , they are based in Uganda and now being trekked in Uganda. Besides gorilla trekking, the park also harbours other animal species like black and white colobus monkeys, baboons, forest elephants, giant forest hogs, warthogs and different species of birds and over 200 butterflies with mountain gorillas as the main tourist attractions on the park.

Gorilla trekking permits in Uganda

Gorilla trekking permits for both Mgahinga and Bwindi impenetrable forest national park are issued by the Uganda wildlife authority, the permit is an essential document that lows any traveller to access the forest for gorilla trekking, without the permit, you will not be allowed to view the gorillas in their natural habitat. Bwindi being the top most site with high number of gorillas, has greatly improved on the tourism industry in Uganda. Bwindi forest national park, receives high number of visitors in the park for gorilla trekking, thus there is stiff competition for gorilla trekking permits by different companies offering packages for Bwindi gorilla trekking. Therefore, the permits tend to get sold out quickly so clients having interest in gorilla trekking, are advised to book their gorilla permits in advance in order to secure the permits for your preferred date for gorilla trekking to avoid missing out on the activity because you did not secure the permits. Booking your permits in advance, helps you have enough time for your preparations for your trip in Uganda and purposely gorilla trekking experience which requires a bit of physical fitness and energy to hike steep slopes.

Gorilla trekking permit in Uganda currently costs, $600 per person but with effect from July 1 2020, there will be permit increase to $700 per person. One can secure the permits by contacting directly Uganda wildlife authority by sending and email or calling their telephone line or alternatively, you can secure the gorilla permits through any of the registered companies in Uganda we will help secure the permits for you in advance before they are sold out. Bwindi also offers an opportunity for clients who would like to spend more time with the gorillas, can therefore opt for gorilla habituation experience which costs $1500 per person the permit allows you 4 hours with the gorillas compared to the normal gorilla trekking which is only one hour with the gorillas.

Best time to visit mountain gorillas in Uganda

The recommended time of the year to visit Bwindi and Mgahinga national park in Uganda, is best during the dry seasons from the month of December, January, June , October, February during this months, there is less or no rain fall at all making it easy to hike the steep slopes for gorilla trekking when the land is dry and not muddy. The park also offers other activities besides gorilla trekking including, bird watching experience, Batwa community walk, nature walks among others.