Mountain gorilla in Uganda, The Gorilla Beringei (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of two eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) subspecies. It is classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List as the total population is reported to be 1,004 individuals in two populations as of 2018. Another population lives in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park of Uganda and Mgahinga national park both situated in south western Uganda the other in the Virunga Mountains in three neighbouring national parks that is volcanoes in Rwanda, Virunga in Congo and Mgahinga national park forming the Virunga conservation area.

Bwindi impenetrable forest national park

Bwindi impenetrable forest national park is situated in south western Uganda in the district of Kisoro, the park is park of Bwindi impenetrable forest, the park was gazetted with the purpose to conserve the life of the endangered mountain gorillas from human activities like hunting, and encroachment in to the forest , destroying the natural habitat of these primate species. Bwindi national park, rests in an area of about 321 km2 and its covered with the dense tropical forest, montane highland and its famously known as a home to a large number of gorillas living in the park. the gorillas have become the prime tourist destination in Uganda, gorilla trekking, has boosted the tourism industry due to the high number of travellers visiting the park for gorilla trekking experience.

Not only is Bwindi famous for gorilla trekking, but also , the park is a paradise of birds with over 360 recorded bird species and 12 of which are not recorded anywhere in Uganda  and 90% of these are known to be Albertine rift endemics such as short tailed warbler and blue headed sunbird as well as seven IUCN red data listed species of birds. 120 species of mammals, colobus monkeys, chimpanzee, with over 400 habituated mountain gorilla families making a total of 17 habituated gorilla families free for trekking, Bwindi has 16 habituated gorilla families and two families in Rushaga sector still under habituation. One gorilla family is trekked at Mgahinga gorilla national park. mountain gorillas Aretha main attraction in these two national parks that is Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga national park offering gorilla trekking experience to travelers visiting the park.

Gorilla trekking in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park

Bwindi impenetrable forest national park, has provided both shelter and food for the gorillas living in the dense tropical forest pf Bwindi, the park harbours over half of the world population of the gorillas and others are distribute in volcanoes national park, and Virunga national park in Congo. Bwindi forest national park, is the best location for gorilla trekking with the high number of gorillas, therefore, you are assured 98% chances of seeing the mountain gorillas. Gorilla trekking in Bwindi is an all year-round activity either during the wet season, or the dry seasons of the year. This means that Bwindi forest national park, can be visited any time of the year for the memorable and the best adventure safari of your life time during the gorilla trekking experience.

Bwindi impenetrable forest, comprises of four sectors distributed in the park all having habituated mountain gorillas opened for gorilla trekking the sectors of Bwindi include; Ruhija, Buhoma, Nkuringo, Rushaga sectors in Rushaga sector, Nshongi, Kahungye, Busingye, Mishaya and Bweza gorilla group. Nkuringo sector we have Nkuringo gorilla family, Ruhija comprises of Bitukura Group and Oruzogo Group. The third group called Kyaguliro Group was committed for research and later was introduced for gorilla trekking, Buhoma gorilla families include; Mubare gorilla group, Habinyanja gorillas and Rushegura gorilla families. Gorilla trekking in the forest also exposes you a lot of other primate species including, colobus monkeys, bird species, Gorilla trekking involves having an encounter with the gorillas in their natural habitat the best part of this activity is that you have a close encounter with the gorillas in their natural habitat, you will observe them, study and learn their behaviours, take gorilla photos and videos for your memorable experience while in Uganda in case you are not planning for another trip for gorilla trekking in Uganda.

Mgahinga National park

Mgahinga national park, is also known for harbouring one habituated gorilla family, the park located in south western Uganda in the district of Kisoro. Mgahinga gorilla national park lies in the boarder with Rwanda and Congo and its one of the national parks that form the Virunga conservation area.as well as the volcanoes and the Virunga national park in Congo. Mgahinga national park, covers an area of 13.1 sqkm and its one of the smallest national parks in Uganda the park is managed by Uganda by Uganda wildlife authority a government body managing national parks in Uganda the park was gazetted with the purpose to conserve animals that where roaming freely on land and some where being poached leading to their extinction.

Mountain gorilla trekking is one of the most thought after activity in national parks harbouring gorilla habituated families. Mgahinga national park, is an ever green forest covered with bamboo and alpine forests, the forest is covered by shrubs food which gorilla feed on, therefore, the presence of abundant food, has reduced on the movement of the gorillas from one place to another since for over years the gorillas where seen crossing to Congo side but currently , they are based in Uganda and now being trekked in Uganda. Besides gorilla trekking, the park also harbours other animal species like black and white colobus monkeys, baboons, forest elephants, giant forest hogs, warthogs and different species of birds and over 200 butterflies with mountain gorillas as the main tourist attractions on the park.

Gorilla trekking permits in Uganda

Gorilla trekking permits for both Mgahinga and Bwindi impenetrable forest national park are issued by the Uganda wildlife authority, the permit is an essential document that lows any traveller to access the forest for gorilla trekking, without the permit, you will not be allowed to view the gorillas in their natural habitat. Bwindi being the top most site with high number of gorillas, has greatly improved on the tourism industry in Uganda. Bwindi forest national park, receives high number of visitors in the park for gorilla trekking, thus there is stiff competition for gorilla trekking permits by different companies offering packages for Bwindi gorilla trekking. Therefore, the permits tend to get sold out quickly so clients having interest in gorilla trekking, are advised to book their gorilla permits in advance in order to secure the permits for your preferred date for gorilla trekking to avoid missing out on the activity because you did not secure the permits. Booking your permits in advance, helps you have enough time for your preparations for your trip in Uganda and purposely gorilla trekking experience which requires a bit of physical fitness and energy to hike steep slopes.

Gorilla trekking permit in Uganda currently costs, $600 per person but with effect from July 1 2020, there will be permit increase to $700 per person. One can secure the permits by contacting directly Uganda wildlife authority by sending and email or calling their telephone line or alternatively, you can secure the gorilla permits through any of the registered companies in Uganda we will help secure the permits for you in advance before they are sold out. Bwindi also offers an opportunity for clients who would like to spend more time with the gorillas, can therefore opt for gorilla habituation experience which costs $1500 per person the permit allows you 4 hours with the gorillas compared to the normal gorilla trekking which is only one hour with the gorillas.

Best time to visit mountain gorillas in Uganda

The recommended time of the year to visit Bwindi and Mgahinga national park in Uganda, is best during the dry seasons from the month of December, January, June , October, February during this months, there is less or no rain fall at all making it easy to hike the steep slopes for gorilla trekking when the land is dry and not muddy. The park also offers other activities besides gorilla trekking including, bird watching experience, Batwa community walk, nature walks among others.

Gorilla Families in Uganda – Mountain gorillas are an endangered subspecies of the eastern gorillas. They live only in three countries namely Uganda, Rwanda and the DRC. Gorillas live in tropical rainforests where they stay in groups termed as gorilla families. Gorilla families consist of 5-30 members and family is led by a strong silverback which is in position to protect its members.

There are about 1,000 mountain gorillas in the world and Uganda is a home to about 500 of them. These gentle giants inhabit the tropical rain forests in Bwindi and Mgahinga national parks in the southwestern part of Uganda. of the three destinations where you can see the mountain gorillas, there is an amazing number of Gorilla families in Uganda that you cannot compare to any other. Bwindi national park is the prime gorilla trekking destination with 19 gropus habituated for touirism and Mgahinga national park has two habituated gorilla groups including Hirwa gorilla family which roams around Gahinga and Sabinyo volcanoes in Uganda and Rwanda.

Habituated Gorilla families in Uganda include Habinyanja gorilla family, Nkuringo gorilla family, Christmas gorilla family, Katwe gorilla family, Kahungye gorilla family,  Bitukura gorilla family, Mubare gorilla family, Mishaya gorilla family, Rushegura gorilla family, Bushaho gorilla family, Bweza gorilla family, Nshogi gorilla family, Busingye gorilla family, Oruzogo gorilla family, Kutu gorilla family, Bikyingi gorilla family, Busingye gorilla family, Mucunguzi gorilla family and Mukiza gorilla family in Bwindi impenetrable national park and Nyakagezi gorilla family and Hirwa gorilla family in Mgahinga national park.

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How do silverback gorillas fight?

what do gorillas do after a fight, silverbacks fighting, how gorillas fight, gorilla fighting style

How do gorillas fight?, find out how do silverback gorillas fight – Gorillas are the closest relatives to human beings. They share 98% DNA with humans and have several body parts that have a close resemblance to those of humans. The way they behave and their level of intelligence are impressive. Gorillas inhabit the tropical rainforests in Africa and they are considered as endangered mammals due to loss of their habitats. Gorillas live in groups which are led by silverbacks. Silverbacks are mature male gorillas and they are called so because their fur at the back turns to silver when they reach the maturity age. Silverback gorilla fights are rare but when they fight, it is really severe and aggressive.

Gorillas are gentle and try as much as possible to avoid conflicts. They instead show that they are not happy with whatever could be taking place or when it is not in good moods and doesn’t want to be interrupted. They beat their chests to express their strength and indicate that they should not be further destructed but rather be left in peace. They also bare their fangs, make sounds when they are frightened. Most gorillas beat their chests so hard and loud while stamping their feet on the ground when they charge, this is often the initial stage of a gorilla fight. When you are close to these gorillas and you notice such behavior, you are advised to stay calm to maintain peace.

Silverback gorillas fight using teeth, hands and legs. Their canine teeth are sharp that they easily penetrate in the flesh of another gorilla or any other animals being involved in the fight. Some of the reasons for gorilla fights are;

To break off from the main group and start another group with some members from the former group. Since there is only one leading silverback in the group, the rest are not permitted to make any decisions but when they are mature, they may want to go and form their own groups. They therefore have to get into a fight before they can take some members of the group to start the new group.

To protect the group from intruders and enemies. Silverbacks fight when they come across another gorilla group. Silverbacks of each group will express to each other their strength and when they start fighting, they will use their teeth to injure the other which may lead to severe bleeding and death. Silverbacks also fight enemies approaching their groups for protection.

Need for other silverbacks in the group to mate with the females. It is only the dominant silverback who mates with the female gorillas at any time, and it rarely gives chance for other males to mate with these females. Any attempt to do so leads to a fight.

Gorilla fights are rare because they are gentle and love to live in peace, but they are aggressive where need be.

Gorillas fighting in the wild, how does a gorilla fight, gorilla fighting style, Silverback gorilla fight, what do gorillas do after winning a fight, Silverback mountain gorilla fighting, How do gorillas fight

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Batwa experience: Batwa pygmies

The Batwa pygmies: Their story in Bwindi Impenetrable forest – Ennjoy the Batwa trail experience in Bwindi and Mgahinga. The batwa experience.

Bwindi impenetrable national park is known worldwide as a shelter to the largest number of the endangered mountain gorillas compared to other destinations. It is a beautiful land covered by a misty tropical rainforest located in the southwestern part of Uganda with approximately half of the total population of mountain gorillas in the world. This forest is however said to have been first inhabited by the Batwa pygmies who lived there with the gorillas as hunters and gatherers before they were evicted. Tourists that go for trekking in Bwindi or Mgahinga national parks also have an opportunity to participate in other interesting activities such as the Batwa experience or the Batwa trail experience.

It is believed that the Batwa are some of the first inhabitants of the earth who also settled around the great lakes area of east Africa. They were hunters and gatherers and that was the way to go. They did not construct permanent houses but rather simple huts made out of plants.  The Batwa in Uganda have a touching story about how they lived in Bwindi and Mgahinga forests with the mountain gorillas in a kind of life they were very comfortable in which did not require a lot of hustling before they were evicted for reasons of conservation.

It is also believed that these Batwa pygmies stayed in Bwindi forest for over 60,000 years and because of their way of life, they neither harmed the mountain gorillas nor the environment. Until the 1990s when these areas were declared national parks by Uganda wildlife authority, the Batwa were evicted from their home- the forest to areas where they did not own any land, house or gardens. Life became miserable on their side because they had nowhere to sleep, nothing to eat and were so much marginalized by the rest of the community. They were not allowed to visit medical centres, markets and many areas until an American medical missionary known as Dr Scott Kellerman rescued them through Kellerman Foundation by securing land and establishing different programs to improve the lives of the Batwa pygmies. Houses for resettlement, schools, water tanks and a hospital were built purposely to rescue these people.

As time went on, the Batwa realized that they were losing their culture and tradition since they were not allowed to access the forests again. They could no longer show their children how they hunted, gathered, danced in the forest and harvested herbal medicine among others. They therefore came up with the Batwa cultural experience which would enable them to pass on information regarding their culture and original lifestyle to their children. The Batwa experience takes place in the Batwa communities which are located just outside the park. Tourists that visit the any Batwa community get a chance to interact with the pygmies and learn about how they used to live in the forest and are also entertained with their cultural dances.

Batwa trail experience in mgahinga national park

Batwa communities in Uganda are found around Bwindi and Mgahinga in the southwestern and close to Semuliki national park in Bundibudgyo district. These communities were formed after their eviction from the forest. Years went by and the footprints of the Batwa were disappearing. Besides the people being endangered, their culture and tradition as well were fading since they did not have any other perfect place like the forest to carry on their practices as they did before. The Batwa trail experience was therefore launched in June 2011by Uganda wildlife authority in Mgahinga national park as a way of reviving and preserving the Twa culture and traditions and to use conservation to develop their culture. It allows the Batwa who are familiar with their culture to take guides through the Batwa trail to areas where they lived, how they prayed to their gods, where they buried their kings in the forest and how they gathered among others. This trail goes through the forest of Mgahinga via the foothills of Gahinga and Muhavura mountains. You will go through a number of things at different locations with the guide demonstrating how the Batwa pygmies did them during their days in the forest. The Batwa trail experience takes you through a kind of easy and happy life that the Batwa truly miss.

Mountain Gorilla Facts

Facts About Mountain Gorillas – Top fascinating facts about the mountain gorillas in Uganda, Rwanda and Congo that you need to know.

There are a bit more than 1000 gorillas in the whole world.in Africa, mountain gorillas are found in three east African countries. That is in Uganda, mountain gorillas, can be seen in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park and Mgahinga national park situated in south western Uganda, in Rwanda, gorillas are found in volcanoes national park in north-western Rwanda, in the DR.Congo, gorillas can be seen in the Virunga national park situated in the eastern region of DR.Congo. visitors taking part in gorilla trekking, can visit any of the three east African countries.

What Are Mountain Gorillas

Mountain gorilla is a critically endangered species and it’s the largest primate species living on the face of the earth.in size, the gorillas weighs up to 135-220kg and in height, the gorilla measures up to 4-6 feet tall. They live in the mountainous areas of Uganda, Rwanda and Congo at altitude 8,000 to 13,000 feet.

About Mountain Gorillas

All you need to know about the Mountain Gorillas. mountain gorillas are the largest known species in the family unit of primates. Mountain Gorillas are ground-based apes, mostly herbivorous, inhabiting the Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo forests. There are two species of gorillas and four or five subspecies. The gorilla’s DNA is highly similar to that of a human and its 95-99% based on what is counted, and they are the next closest to humans after the chimpanzees which are closet living relatives to humans. Gorillas live in the sub-tropical forests of Africa, the gorillas roam about the Albertine rift mountain forest of the Virunga volcanoes and the dense tropical rain forest of Bwindi impenetrable forest with altitude ranging from 2,200-4.300 metres (7,200-14,100 ft).

There are few in the midst of the animals that have sparked man’s imagination as much as the gorilla, the largest living primates, and the last science-known member of the ape family. Many gorillas live in remote areas in various dense tropical African forests, and researchers have only discovered knowledge of their environment in the last 30 years. A sequence of 8 volcanoes known as the Virunga volcanoes situated along the rift valley in the boarder between Uganda, Rwanda and the democratic republic of Congo. The Virunga conservation are located closer to Bwindi impenetrable forest national park in Uganda a home to half of the worlds remaining mountain gorillas.

Mountain Gorillas

Approximately all gorillas have the same type of blood and have unique fingerprints similar to human beings. Their color of the eye is dark brown, framed around the iris by a black ring. The gorilla silverback is huge, with a thin, dense neck and a large chest and shoulders. The big head and hairless, shiny black muzzle outweigh the gorilla eyes and ears. Older males have a body crown. The skin and muscle that render the head look bigger. Like all great apes, gorillas have arms wider than their legs and at certain occasions tend to walk on all four limbs – a motion called knuckle walking.

Physical Appearance

All you need to know about mountain gorillas, Gorillas run around by knuckle-walking, although sometimes they stride bipedally for short distances when carrying food or in situations of self-protection. Adult males (silverbacks) are 1.65–1.75 meters in height (5 ft 5 in–5 ft 9 in) and 140–200 kg in weight (310–440 lb). Adult females are often half the size of a silverback with an average height of about 1.4 meters (4 ft 7 in) and 100 kg (220 lb). Silverbacks of more than 1,8 meters and 230 kg have been recorded in the wild from time to time. gorillas have reached a weight of 270 kg. Gorilla Mountain is the darkest of all gorilla groups. Mountain gorillas have the thickest hair, too. The Western Lowland Gorilla can be brown or white with a reddish forehead. In fact, there are gorillas living in lowland forests and are slenderer than the mountain gorillas which are larger above the average size of the low land gorilla.

Mountain Gorilla Behavior

 Mountain gorillas are diurnal with a break around a launch time, most effective between 6:00am and 6: 00pm.Much of the time is spent eating, the large amounts of food consumed is required to support their large bodies and to keep them physically fit at all times. The gorillas feed early in the morning, rest late in the morning, and at midday and also in the afternoon they snack until they sleep at night. Mountain gorillas are shy but strong and, in most times, they do not look for danger but, if threatened it can turn them aggressive, to show anger, they beat their chests and roar. The silverback is normally the head of the family and it will in his powers try to defend and protect its family from any form of danger, the family can make up to 30 members and ruled by one male silverback as the head of the family with few females and the young ones.

Gorillas have stronger attachments to their own family members, and even when the family meets and associates, each member tends to stay with their particular unit. A mature male gorilla is named a silverback which its name originates from the silver-grey hair on its back; he is the head of the family, it leads the group, offering protection and support to the family in case of any trouble.

Mountain gorillas Mountain travel ten to fifteen square miles across their home ranges, eating and sleeping in the course of the day. Since gorilla’s roam, they create fresh nests on the ground every day at sunset using bent branches in a tree or grasses and are constructed by an individual. The young ones sleep with the parent(mother), but after three years of age, they build their nests, initially similar to their mother’s. Gorilla nests are built disproportionately and there tends to be opportunistic use of tree species for site building. The building of nests by great apes is now known not only as animal design, but as an important example of the use of devices.

Where Do Mountain Gorillas Live?

Mountain gorillas exist in East and Central Africa’s tropical forests. Gorillas live in south-western Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park. Gorillas live in the Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, while they live in the Virunga National Park reserves in Congo. For gorilla trekking in any of the east African countries, contact adventure in the wild safaris and we will be glad to organise for you a memorable safari experience of your lifetime.

Mountain Gorillas’ Habitats

Mountain Gorillas mainly inhabit tropical forests. Tropical forests are defined as low temperature (around 23 ° C) and daylight duration (around 12 hours). On the other hand, precipitation in the tropics varies significantly and is a major factor in the form of vegetation developing in a region. Habitat loss is the most serious threat for gorillas. The fertile soil of the volcano It’s as highly valued as agricultural land. In Uganda, Rwanda and Congo, a national management policy which emphasizes the importance of protecting virgin forest watersheds and the need to allow some classes of mountain gorillas more used to visitor visits has helped to reduce encroachment in to the forest. Gorillas rely on the moist vegetation produced by the high clumsiness and rainfall of the tropical forest.

Mountain Gorillas are building nests for daytime and night-time use. Day nests appear to be plain aggregations of branches and leaves on the surface, whereas night nests in trees are more complex structures. The nests can have a size of 2 to 5 feet (0.61 to 1.5 m) and are built by individuals. The young gorillas sleep with the mother but after three years of age builds dens, originally similar to that of the baby. Day nests appear to be simple aggregations of branches and leaves on the ground, whereas night nests are more complex tree structures. Nests for day and night use are built by Mountain Gorillas. Day nests appear to be plain aggregations of branches and leaves on the surface, whereas night nests in trees are more complex structures. The nests can have a size of 2 to 5 feet (0.61 to 1.5 m) and are built by individuals. The young sleep with the mother but after three years of age builds dens, originally similar to that of the baby and built closer to the mother. Gorilla nests are built selectively and there seems to be opportunistic use of tree species for site building. Nest construction by great apes is now known not only as animal sculpture, but as an important example of the use of devices.

Mountain Gorilla Diet and Eating Habits

Gorillas are herbivores, consuming seeds, stems, roots, berries and vines. Although they eat a variety of plants, the favourites include wild celery, bamboo, thistles and stinging nettles, bed-straw and some fruit. Such plants seem to provide ample humidity to keep them from requiring irrigation. An adult male gorilla can eat more than 18 kg (40 lb) of vegetation a day. Gorillas barely drink in the wild as they ingest succulent foliage comprising of nearly half of the water and daily dew. Their meat collection methods are;

  1. A nutritional zone is not over-exploited by gorillas, they maintain the plants in a way that allows quick replenishment to take place.
  2. Gorillas can use their tremendous power to break down vegetation. For example, an adult male can cut a whole banana tree apart to reach the inner tender pith.
  3. Gorillas are known to absorb water using the hair on the back of their hands and then suck it.
  4. There are very small foragers for gorillas. Generally, they just consume vegetable bits. For starters, they can consume only a specific plant’s leaves, pith, stem, or roots. They use their flexible lips and hand agility to exploit the plants for the portion we want to consume.

The Gorilla Reproduction and Parenting

Fantastic, such primates have a sluggish rate of reproduction; the females develop for the first time at about 10 years of age and will get young ones every 3 to 4 years. The male starts to breed between 12 and 15 years of age when he is in charge of his own parents. A woman is able to conceive for only 3 days each month, carrying one child at a time, even though it also gives birth to twins. The newly born gorillas, weighing about four pounds, are weak and small in size. They can sit upright at three or four months, and even stand with support. Babies have been sucking for a year and gradually weaning when they can live alone for 3 and a half years. Females become sexually mature at age 7 to 8, but after many years they do not begin to breed and have a long gestation period of 8 and a half to 9 m. The mortality rate of gorillas is less than a year, but only 5% for adults. The gorillas can live and survive in the wilderness for 40 to 50 years in the natural environment.

Mountain Gorilla Distribution

The Beringei (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of the eastern gorilla’s two subspecies. There are two settlements. One is located in Central Africa’s Virunga volcanic peaks, in three national parks: Mgahinga, in south-western Uganda; Volcanoes National Park, in north-western Rwanda; and Virunga, in eastern democratic republic of Congo. The other remaining number of gorillas is located in Uganda’s National Park of the Bwindi Impenetrable national park known to be a home to Mountain gorillas. The estimated total number of mountain gorillas showed that Bwindi a lone harbour half of the remaining total population of these endangered species and the rest are distributed in other national parks that is volcanoes in Rwanda, Virunga national park in Congo and Mgahinga national park in Uganda.

Mountain Gorilla Endangerment’s

Leopards and humans are the only recognized rivals of the gorilla. Crocodiles may be harmful for gorillas in the lowlands. Gorillas are commonly hunted in western Africa for meat or in revenge for crop looting, but they have been victims of traps set for antelopes and other animals in eastern Africa. Poachers also destroy the whole family in their attempts to capture gorillas for zoos, while others are killed for the purpose of collecting heads and hands for sale as trophies.

Mountain gorillas are affected by habitat loss due to increased human populations, bush meat trade smuggling, and diseases such as Ebola. Species residing in higher elevations, such as mountain gorillas, are also affected by climate change, which has the ability to have a direct impact on gorillas by altering their environment and potentially impacting crop yields in nearby communities.

All the Facts You Need to Know About Mountain Gorillas

  • Mountain gorillas share a total DNA of 98% with the humans making them one the next closest relatives to humans after the chimpanzee that are closest to humans.
  • Gorillas, like us, have distinctive fingerprints!
  • Gorillas attack human beings rarely. But a person should remain silent in an encounter and refrain from looking at or pointing to the gorilla.
  • Gorillas are vulnerable to a number of pests and diseases, mostly during hot, cold wet seasons.
  • The male gorilla weighs up to 350 pounds and females weigh about 215pounds
  • The life span of a gorilla, the gorilla lives up to 40-50 years
  • The gorillas live in the thick woodland, rainforest
  • Feeding habits of gorillas, the gorillas are herbivorous (vegetarian)
  • Predators: mostly human. Leopards sometimes
  • The gestation period of a gorilla is about 8 1/2 months
  • The mountain gorillas are led by a male gorilla known as a silverback who is in charge an protects the family and the young ones.
  •  The silver back is responsible for all family activities and children’s fathering
  • The hair grows in a greyish tint on the back of the head as they mature.
  • Mountain gorillas belong to a group of 30 individuals comprising of mothers and children.
  • Mountain gorillas live in the tropical forest of Bwindi impenetrable forest, Mgahinga national park in Uganda, volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga national park in the DR. Congo.
  • Gorillas are prone to a variety of diseases, mainly to pneumonia during the long, wet rainy seasons of the year.
  • Gorillas rarely attack humans. But in an encounter a person should stay still and refrain from staring or pointing at the gorilla.

Facts about Mountain Gorillas that will amaze you, Mountain Gorilla Facts

The strongest species of gorilla

The strongest gorilla species are the western lowland gorillas. Find out why this is the strongest species of gorilla .

Strongest gorilla species: Strongest gorilla – Gorillas are the largest primate species on earth. They live in tropical rainforests and can be found in many around east, central and western Africa. They are of different types and species; the eastern gorilla sand then western gorillas which are further categorized into two subspecies each. Mountain gorillas and the eastern lowland gorillas are subspecies of eastern gorillas while the cross river gorillas and the western lowland gorilla are subspecies of the western lowland gorillas.

The cross river gorillas and the western lowland gorillas are closely related to each other and they all live beyond the Congo River basin. They have notable differences from the eastern gorillas; they are much smaller in size, grayish or brownish in color and generally have a lighter color compared to other gorillas.

Western lowland gorillas

Western lowland gorillas are found around the swampy areas of the montane forests of central Africa in countries such as Cameroon, Gabon, Angola, Central African republic, the DRC  and equatorial guinea. These are the strongest species of gorillas. A mature western lowland gorilla can weigh up to 270 kilograms. The western lowland gorillas is the smallest gorilla species

Mountain gorillas

Mountain gorillas are endangered and can be found only in three countries in the whole world; Rwanda, the DRC and Uganda which has the largest population. These primates are gentle and shy and live on forested slopes of mountains. Mountain gorillas are very impressive animals regarding their physical appearance and behavior. They are lovely and an hour that is given to tourists to interact with them is always worth the energy put in to hike to their locations. In Uganda, a gorilla permit costs $600, in Rwanda, it costs $1500 and it costs $400 in the DRsC.

Mountain gorillas are large and strong. They have longer and thicker fur which enable them to stay on the cold slopes of the mountains. A mature mountain gorilla weighs up to 200kg and can be high up to 168cm. mountain gorilla live in groups also also known as families

Eastern lowland gorillas

The eastern lowland gorillas also known as Grauer’s gorilla are found in the lowland tropical rainforests of Kahuzi Biega national park and Maiko national park in the DRC. They are the largest of all the four species. A fully mature male Grauer’s gorilla can weigh up to 250 kilograms. They are large in size with strong large hands and stocky bodies. They can reach a height of 2 metres when standing. They feed on fruits, seeds, stems, leaves, barks and small insects.

Western lowland gorillas are the strongest gorillas. The natural habitats of gorillas are tropical rainforests and since they are being lost, all species of gorillas are now endangered.

The strongest species of gorilla are the western lowland gorillas. Find out why they are the Strongest gorilla species. The strongest Gorilla in the world

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Gorilla lifespan

How long does a gorilla live, how long do mountain gorillas live

Everything you need to know about How long do gorillas live; gorillas lifespan, lifespan of gorilla, mountain gorilla lifespan, gorilla average lifespan, gorilla lifespan in wild, gorilla life expectancy, how long can gorillas live

How Long do gorillas Live ? – The Gorillas live for 35 to 40 years

Gorilla lifespan i.e How long do gorillas live – Gorillas are one of the animals that most people want to know much about. The  Gorillas are an endangered species of primates inhabiting some tropical rainforests in Africa. Gorillas are the closest relatives to human beings sharing a DNA of about 98%. They are categorized into 2 species; the eastern and western gorillas. The eastern gorillas have 2 sub species namely the eastern gorilla species and the mountain gorillas and these are found in east Africa and in the DRC while the western gorillas are further divided into the western lowland gorillas and the cross river gorillas.

The life span of gorillas just like any other animals is longer if they are in captivity than in their natural habitat. However, generally, gorillas are either lowland gorillas or mountain gorillas. Lowland gorillas are able to survive in captivity (in Zoos) while mountain gorillas do not. Lowland gorillas are found in Cameroon, Gabon, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Central African Republic and the DRC. Mountain gorillas are the most endangered gorillas subspecies and they are only found in Bwindi impenetrable national park and Maghinga national park in Uganda, in Volcanoes national park in Rwanda and in Virunga national park in the DRC.

How long do gorillas live? Generally, gorillas live for 35-40 years in their natural habitats and can live for 50 years in captivity. They are prone to human diseases and they are protected as much as possible from colds and cough. One of the problems they face with their health is the damages of their hands, feet and bones and loss of teeth.

Female gorillas become sexually ready at the age of 8-10 and can conceive and give birth at the age of 10 years while male gorillas are ready at the age of 15-20. The gestation period of gorillas is 8-9 months and it will have offsprings every 3-4 years. Gorillas babies are very vulnerable and they will be carefully taken care of by their mothers and up to about 4 months. Mountain gorilla babies become independent juveniles at the age of 4 years.

Lowland gorillas have higher chances of surviving compared to mountain gorillas because they can they survive both in the wild and in captivity while mountain gorillas only survive in the wild. Mountain gorilla lifespan is therefore shorter than that of lowland gorillas.

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What do gorillas eat? Gorillas are the largest primates and you can find them in eastern and western Africa. They inhabit tropical forests with cool temperatures and thick vegetation where they can easily get their food. Gorillas mainly feed on vegetation which includes leaves, roots, stems, herbs, vines, trees and fruits. They consume their food in very large quantities and the makeup of their diet depends on the type of the gorilla and the season. There are four subspecies of gorillas namely; mountain gorillas and eastern lowland gorillas which are types of eastern gorillas and western lowland gorillas and cross river gorillas categorized under western gorillas.

Mountain gorillas inhabit the tropical rainforests of Uganda, Rwanda and the DRC. They feed on parts of at least 142 plant species and eat 3 types of fruit. They mainly eat leaves, shoots and stems which is about 86% of their diet. 7% of their diet of roots, flowers take a percentage of 3, 2% is fruit and 2% is ants, grubs and snails.

Eastern lowland gorillas live in the east of Democratic Republic of Congo. They consume more than 104 plant species.

Western lowland gorillas feed on parts of more than 97 plant species where 67% is fruit and 17% is leaves, stems and seeds. Termites and caterpillars constitute 3% of western gorilla diet.

Cross river gorillas live in tropical and subtropical forests in the cross river region in Nigeria and Cameroon. Not much has been well studied like the rest of the subspecies but a study through their fecal matter reveals that their diet consists of fruit, leaves, stems, piths and a few invertebrates.

Mountain gorilla diet

Mountain gorillas survive only in their natural habitats and they can be found only in Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga national parks in Uganda, Volcanoes national park in Rwanda and Virunga national park in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mountain gorillas are mainly herbivores and their diet is mainly composed of leaves, shoots and stems.

Mountain gorilla food intake

An adult mountain gorilla takes up to 18 kilograms of food in a day. They are active during the day and they start feeding in the morning till evening before they get into their nests. Mountain gorillas fear water and they rarely drink it separately. Fortunately, the vegetation they feed on is succulent with high water content which keeps them hydrated.

How do mountain gorillas collect their food?

Methods of collecting food: how gorillas collect their food

Mountain gorillas live in groups (families) of 20 to 30 members. Each group is headed by a strong silverback gorilla which has a number of responsibilities as the leader. One of the responsibilities if the search for food and inform its family members. An adult silverback weighs 130-200 kilograms while females weigh up to 120 kilograms. They are large and strong and this strength helps them to break the vegetation apart.

Mountain gorillas are selective when feeding. They do not just eat any parts of the vegetation but choose which to eat and which ones to leave out, for example on some plants, they eat leaves, stalk, stem or pith. Their agile lips and hands are very important when feeding.

Mountain gorillas are wise when hunting food from a certain location in a way that they do not eat to exploitation. They instead eat and to a level that will allow the plants to grow again as they wander in other areas. This allows the plants to replenish faster.

How to see mountain gorillas feeding

You can see mountain gorillas feeding in any of the four gorilla trekking destinations (Bwindi, Mgahinga, Volcanoes or Virunga national parks). Adventure in the wild safaris is an expert tour operator that conducts gorilla tours to the these destinations where you will be thrilled to watch the gentle gorilla giants actively hunt for food and feed using their hands just like humans do.

Silverback Gorilla Protects Family

What is a silverback gorilla? A silverback gorilla is an adult male gorilla that dominates a gorilla family. They are referred to “silverback” because their back hair is silver in color. Dominance of a silverback in a group comes after a fight between silverbacks and the winner

Gorillas live in groups of 5-30 members which are also known as gorilla families. A gorilla group is headed by a silverback gorilla and they have a number of responsibilities just like a father as head a family. There may be other silverbacks in the family but not more than three and they all have to submit to the dominant silverback. Dominance in a gorilla family comes after a fight between silverbacks and winning the fight indicates that the silverback can protect members of the gorilla family. The winner therefore leads the group and the loser id pushed out. He may snatch some members to go and start his own group or collect the members from other groups. More of the members of the family are females, their infants and juveniles.

When the male gorillas in the group reach maturity, they are allowed to leave the group and go start their own families which they will lead. Maturity in male gorillas is at 11 years when their hair on the back starts to turn to silver color. You can see silverback gorillas on your gorilla trekking safari in Uganda, Rwanda or the Democratic Republic of Congo. You will also observe and see how the silverback protects his family and take on other duties.

Silverback gorillas protect their families

The main duty of a silverback gorilla is to protect members of his family. He protects them from lone silverbacks who want to get members from other groups to start their own group. Silverbacks also protect their members from enemies attacking the family, he is always prepared to attack any enemy of such kind.

Other responsibilities of a silverback include;

  • Searching for food for the family
  • Building nests where the group will spend the night since they change location and build nests everyday
  • Mating with the females, the silverback is the only one that satisfies sexual desires of the females and mates with them to produce off-springs of the group
  • Settling any conflicts in the group and ensuring that there is harmony in the group
  • Taking care of the young ones, he helps mothers in taking care of the young ones and in case their mother dies, he ensures that they are safe and taken care of.

Why are mountain gorillas endangered – The mountain gorillas are one of the fascinating giant creatures that are found in the high altitude mountain regions of Uganda, DR-Congo and Rwanda. The mountain gorillas are Rare and Endangered which is has been as a result of the human threatening Factors towards their existence in their natural habitat.  We present to you some of the Key factors why mountain gorillas are endangered.

Reasons Why are mountain gorillas endangered

Habitat loss

Majority of the habitats of the mountain Gorillas are surrounded by the habitants of human beings. And due to the human population increases, this has led to the encroachment of the natural habitat of the gorillas which in a long run has led to the extinction of the gorilla population. Human encroachment is the main reason Why are mountain gorillas endangered.

On addition to human settlement, man has destroyed forests for a numerous reasons and this has left Wildlife as well as the mountain gorillas homeless. It has highly affected the lifestyle behavior of the gorillas which has led to reduction in population

Gorilla poaching

The mountain gorillas are highly hunted by the poachers who sell its meat expensively to the European market. The mountains are also hunted for trophies. According the research findings, it’s the Silverback gorilla that is killed which has greatly affected the reproduction of the gorillas leading to their extinction in their numbers. In the DR-Congo the mountain gorillas are hunted for meat which greatly contributed to the reduction of the mountain gorillas thus one of the reasons why the mountain gorillas are endangered.

Traditional Medicine

Some bod parts of the mountain gorillas act as charm to numerous local witch craft doctors close to the habitats of the gorillas. This has increased the level of poaching by the locals, due to the fact also almost majority of the local people do believe in charms. Therefore this is one of the reasons why the mountain gorillas are endangered.

Oil and Gas Exploration

In Virunga national park of DR-Congo there are numerous gas and Oil Explorati0on companies which have been given permission to operate with in the park and this is something that has greatly affected the natural enviroment of the mountain gorillas thus leading to their reduction in numbers. Although the gas and oil centration does not operate within the exact location of the mountain gorilla but the negative impacts of the from the company like the noise, air pollution affects the growth and cycle of the gorillas since their movements cannot be restricted.

Diseases

Due to the high concentration of people in with the national park parks which are home to the mountain gorillas has put the health of the mountain gorillas at Risk. This is one of the reasons why there are a lot of restriction on who should see the mountain gorillas, how many people are allowed and how long they should take when they visit the mountain gorillas. The mountain gorillas are believed to carry about 98% of human DNA they are very vulnerable to human communicable diseases like cough and flue which can attack them if not monitored one can affect another and these spread to many gorilla individuals which leads to death.

Wildlife trade

This is as well so common in the DR-Congo and during this kind of trade most wildlife like gorillas become very and aggressive and charge and as result of the poacher just shot them to death. This wildlife trade has put a lot of the risk on mountain gorilla life they making them endangered species.

Wars and instability

The continued civil wars, the conservation efforts towards the mountain Gorillas became difficult especially to countries like DRC. And due to the settlement of the refugees part of the gorilla habitat had become refugee camps in the year 1990.