Learn about the Ugandan Culture. Uganda tribes and cultures, Cultural practices in Uganda. This will give you an insight into the Uganda Culture.

Cultural practices in Uganda | Uganda culture

Cultures in uganda

Ugandan culture – Uganda is a region that has a rich cultural heritage. The Kingdoms and leaders of Uganda as a nation have committed to maintaining the cultural practices in uganda and healthy culture amongest the people that has reduced on the different the ways of people in Uganda. The numerous kingdoms of Uganda that embody the Uganda Culture include kingdom of Toro and Buganda, the kingdom of Bunyoro and the kingdom of Busoga and other clans of arms.

The numerous kingdoms and heads in Uganda are regulated by the same rules when they conduct in public; dance movements that are kitagururo by Banyankole; Baganda by Baksimba and Agwal by the inhabitants of Western Nile; Acholi by Otole and Bwora; Bagisu by dance with the Imbalu through circumcision and Banyoro and Bwora by themselves. They have different norms. These all display the riches of every Ugandan tribe and community.

The Uganda People have different cultures and norms; therefore, these cultures are shown through a variety of cultural attractions such as the cultural sites and cultural art and craft activities such as, wood carvings, Jewellery, mats and shavings of papyrus, weapons, clothes and many more. These cultural items are sold in various parts of the country like in national parks, cultural sites, shops and many other places country wide.  There are numerous emotions are connected with the various things found in the respective realms. Some of the items are listed hear below;

Uganda tribes and cultures

Spears and Shields

The spears and shields, speaks a lot about the Ugandan traditional culture meaning that, the spears are used as a hunting symbol, and the shield is a protective sign. They are mostly controlled and display dominance over the Kabaka of Buganda and other rulers. The main task for most men in the gentiles was Hunting, and the royal hunting chief was the chief. Such imperial regalia are called and are usually kept in the palaces.  The spears and the shields are also mainly used during the traditional ceremonies like when announcing an heir to someone who died, spears and shields and the buck cloth are wrapped around him as a sign of new leadership, this indicates to the entire family that he is the new hand. Most often in Buganda, this is done during a great ceremony called Kwabya Olumbe.

The drum

Drum is a common tool used throughout Uganda and used for various purposes, mainly made of sheep, goats and other livestock. Drums are made of animal skin.

The instrument is used in Buganda during the king’s celebration and the Kabaka’s anniversary. It is also used to communicate trivial issues to the public and this is accomplished as individuals introduce music to get the attention of people, and then reveal the message they want to be sent to the people in the community or the entire clan. Drums are also used for male circumcisions, traditionally, mainly used by the Mable culture, the last buried rituals and church services, and masses, drums are also used during the traditional worship.

The drums are also another way of entertaining, and the various groups use various techniques that match the dance movements of different cultures in uganda.

The Buganda people and culture

Buganda is one of the Ugandan cultures and the mainly speak Luganda as their traditional language, Baganda and Buganda’s cultural system is organized, and they have the Kabaka as the overall ruler of the kingdom. The inhabitants of Buganda are split into several groups, accompanied by totems. The traditional culture is carried on from generation to another for example, the lineage from father to son is transmitted in Buganda and every one of them, must be of the same totem.

Both clans have a system of hierarchical existence and the group chief commonly named Owakasolya is usually called Ssiga, Mutuba, Lunyiriri. The family comes into the region and this is referred to as Enju. These clans have hierarchical systems. Therefore, every member of the clan must know all the traditional beliefs and norms so that he/she can easily trace where they originated from.

The clans have a long history, and the person says his name and the father’s nomes, and the paternal grandfather’s name and big grandfather’s name, particularly when you introduce yourself in traditional ceremonies.  Clans are not identified by the names of people that created them but by the totems known locally as Omuziro and the second totem known as Akabbiro. The queen and princes are the only men lacking totems.

When you meet the Kabaka in particular in the Buganda, the ladies will kneel and the gents should be laid down as a sign of respect for the Kabaka.

They also have atraditional type of clothing mainly used during the traditional ceremonies or an important cultural gathering, the Buganda woamen dress in Gomesi while the men dress in Kanzus, this is the cultural instrument used to identify the Buganda culture and tradition.

The Busoga people and Culture

Busoga is a cultural institution that fosters famous involvement and togetherness among the Busoga people by means of cultural and developmental programs for improving Busoga’s livelihoods. This seeks to achieve a single Busoga people who enjoy physical, social and cultural prosperity. It also enhances, revises and paves the way for effective administration and administrative processes for the Kingdom of Kyabazinga.

The kingdom of the eleven principalities of the Basoga (singular Musoga), Busoga is transformed directly into the Land of the Soga. The word Busoga often applies in no uncertain terms to the area generally common to Basoga. The Kingship of Busoga is made up of seven political districts: Kamuli, Iganga, Bugiri, Mayuge, Jinja, and the newly established Kaliro and Busiki districts. In the north of the city of Busoga there are swampy Lake Kyoga; in the west there is Victoria Nile; in the west there is the Victoria River; in the south there is Victoria Lake; in the east there are some islands of Buvuma Island, among others.

The residents of Basoga reside in the country’s south-east. The kingdom of Busoga is packed with the representatives, but these are all under the monarch, who is known locally as Kyabazinga.

The Basoga are supposed to come from Congo and belong to the Bantuethnic group. The Basogas come from the various clans, and Lumonde is their principal food. The Basoga are close to the Baganda community and this is why most people say that the Basoga is Baganda.

The Batwa

The Batwas, where the first inhabitants of Bwindi impenetrable forest, they are locally also known as Twa, they lived there for more than300 years and are the founding Bwindi woodland inhabitants. The two cultures in Uganda that lived in the forest where the pygmies and the Batwa, they lived there and practised several activities such as Gathering fruits, hunting and farming was their main activities among others. They wiggled on the mountain gorillas in the area until they had been told to evacuate the forest since there was a need to conserve the endangered mountain gorillas from the poachers who killed many animals, later, the forest was considered a national park. The Batwas still use primitive agricultural and cooking equipment. They are still, compared to the rest of Uganda, far from society, but are advanced now. Batwa people and their culture will offer the insight of the forest before the national park was gazetted.

The Ankole people and their culture

The Ankole people are situated in western Uganda in the districts of Ibanda, Mbarara, Ishaka and Bushenyi districts, the community of Ankole is considered to be a livestock farmer and they have the biggest animal in Uganda called Ankole and the animals are purposely reared for milk and ghee. The common laguagae spoken by the Ankole people is Runyankole as atraditional language.

The people of Ankole, can be identified by their cultural wear Mishanana or Bussuti, particularly when they are going to traditional ceremonies. The ladies put on Bussuuti, while the men put on Kanzus and placing a cow’s hide on top of it. They also have drums used during traditional ceremonies when show casing traditional dances and songs. The Akole people, are divided in to different clans but still under one king as the overall ruler of the kingdom.

Compared to the Buganda culture, the Ankole never kneel down at greeting but they are considered to embrace during the greetings, they are also known as Ishabwe which the name of their traditional local dish.

There are other various cultures in different regions of Uganda, though not shown here but they  the same traditional way of life similar to those of which we have read and are irrelevant to the various cultures that the people make us what we are and that bind people together more and diminish immorality in the country. For those who have not seen it, the rich culture of Uganda is worth experiencing. Come visit Uganda and take time to explore different local communities its much exciting to interact with the locals.