What you should expect to see on your Uganda safari

Uganda has got the best and impressive number of wild animals and these are safely protected in the vast tree species, savannah woodlands, swamp areas, forests, and many more destinations.

Uganda has got the perfect climate and weather conditions throughout the year which not only favors the presence of the wildlife but also the well-being of the tourists making it safe for tourists throughout the year.

Uganda has got over 350 mammal species in different sizes, down from bats, bush babies, and the shrews to the big elephants, gorillas, rhinos, buffalos, and lions.

Uganda’s wild animals can be grouped in different categories that include primates, carnivores, herbivores, reptiles, and lastly the birds.

Uganda’s carnivores

Uganda has got 38 species of carnivores and these include the following

Lions; lions in Uganda are of a height of 165cm high and a weight of 680kgs and they are known for preying on the vast buffalos and antelopes. Lions are also known as the king of the jungle and the female ones are the hunters. In Uganda lions can be watched at Murchison falls national park, Queen Elizabeth national park

Queen Elizabeth national park is famous for the climbing lions and these are found in the ishasha sector.

Cheetah; are the least powerful in the large predators but very fast. Cheetah is spotted with a greyhound-like build plus distinctive black tear marks. They are found in grasslands and savannahs. they can be accessed at kidepo valley national park.

Spotted hyenas; are usually found in savannah areas and they are well known for their exceptional hunting skills as they can hunt down large animals. Hyenas have got slopy backs, dark brown spots, and the strong jaws that are capable of cracking through skins and tough bones. In Uganda, hyenas can be found at

Leopard; Leopards have got rosette-shaped spots and they are easily found in woodlands and rocky areas. Leopard is present in almost all national parks of the pearl of Africa but when it comes to queen Elizabeth national park, they have easily seen alongside the kazinga channel.

The African civets; are also found in all national parks of Uganda. the civets are nocturnal mammals, bulky, long-haired with cat-like faces.

Mongooses; the mongooses are further divided into different species which include the banded mongoose, the white-tailed mongoose, the slender mongoose, the marsh mongoose, and lastly the Egyptian mongoose. They are found in queen Elizabeth national park but specifically around the mweya peninsular.

Genets; are somehow similar to cats but they are related to civets. These are nocturnes with small spot genes and are present at the Maliki wildlife reserve. They are attracted to human wastes and they are seen during the night drives.

Otters; are aquatic predators mainly found at lake Mburo national park. the otters have got various species that include the darker spotted necked otter, the Cape clawless otter, and the Congo clawless otter.  The Congo clawless otter is the largest species in African otters, the darker spotted necked otter is very active between dusk and dawn, and its smaller in size.

Bat-eared fox; this mammal can only be found at kidepo valley national park since it’s more connected to dry open areas. These are small-sized with striking silver-grey color, black eye mask, and huge ears. During the cool hours of the day, the bat-eared fox is seen moving in pairs and small family groups.

Jackals; feed on bulbs, fruits, mammals, and birds. Uganda has got only the black-backed and the side-striped jackals and these can be found at Murchison falls national park, kidepo valley national park, mgahinga gorilla national park, and Bwindi impenetrable national park.


Uganda’s smaller cats include;

Serval; these can be easily seen in forest and woodland areas of Uganda. Servals are very similar to the pale cat.

The African wild cat; is seen in many savannah areas of Uganda

Caracal; this is a reddish-brown cat with tufted ears and they enjoy open areas. The caracals are present in the western part of Uganda, forested parks excluding the stemlike national park. They are also seen at kidepo valley national park.


Herbivores in Uganda


Rhinoceros;  rhinos had extinction in Uganda not until 2005 that the zziwa rhino sanctuary embarked on reintroducing them.  Rhinos are present in two kinds that including the black rhino and the white rhino.

Buffalo; is one of the big five and one of the most endangered mammals because of there unpredictable and defensive nature. Buffalos live in large herds in savannah areas but it comes in forested areas, they live in smaller herds. Buffalos are found in all national parks of Uganda.

Giraffes; are only found at kidepo valley national park, Murchison falls national park, and Lake Mburo national park. the present species is the Rothschild’s giraffe and it’s the tallest land mammal

The hippopotamus; is the largest aquatic mammal at the same time the third largest land mammal weighing 1,500-1,800kgs. Hippos spend most of their time submerged in water just because they don’t have sweat glands. Hippos are mostly found at Murchison falls national park, Lake Mburo national park, and Queen Elizabeth national park.

Burchell’s zebra; is a beautiful mammal with black and white stripes found only at Murchison falls national park, Lake Mburo national park, and kidepo valley national park.

The African elephant; is the largest mammal worldwide weighing up to 6,000kgs found in almost all national parks in Uganda except lake Mburo national park.

Antelopes; are categorized between large, medium, and small antelopes. Large ones hold a shoulder weight of 120cm, medium ones 75-90cm shoulder height,t and small ones between 30-60cm shoulder height.


Uganda’s large antelopes

Eland;  this is the largest antelope having fawn brown and large dewlaps,  short spiraled horns, and sometimes light white stripes on sides

Greater kudu;  this one has got long elegant spiral horns, white stripes on the sides, and a grey-brown coat.

Hartebeest;  its has a flat face and it loves lightly wooded and open savannah habitats. It is found at lake Mburo national park, kidepo valley national park, Murchison falls national park, and mostly at the ishasha sector of queen Elizabeth national park.

Oryx; is commonly found at kidep valley national park. It has got scimitar-shaped horns and ash grey with spots.

Defassa waterbuck; is a grey-brown antelope with white-rumped and large curved horns. They are found near water.


Uganda’s medium-sized antelopes include;

  • Sitatunga
  • Lesser kudu
  • Grant’s gazelle
  • Reedbuck
  • Uganda kob
  • Impala
  • Forest duiker
  • Harvey’s red duiker
  • Blue duiker
  • Peter’s duiker
  • Black-fronted duiker
  • Grey duiker
  • Oribi
  • Klipspringer
  • Guenther’s dik-dik
  • Bates’ pygmy antelope
  • Swine
  • Warthog
  • Bush pig
  • The giant forest hog



The primates in Uganda include;

  • Gorilla
  • Chimpanzee
  • Vervet monkey
  • De brazza’s monkey
  • Black and white colobus monkeys
  • Baboons
  • Blue monkeys
  • L’hoest’s monkey
  • Red-tailed monkey
  • Red colobus
  • Patas monkey
  • Potto
  • Bushbabies
  • Lesser bushbaby
  • The golden monkey
  • Gray cheeked mangabeys


Uganda’s reptiles include;

  • Nile crocodile
  • Python
  • Snakes
When is the best time for wild animals viewing in Uganda?

National parks in Uganda are free to visit any time throughout the year through it’s better to view the wild animals during the dry season because at this time the animals congregate on nearby water bodies. And it’s also safe not to struggle with the slippery trails and roads during the rainy seasons.

I advise you to schedule your wildlife viewing safari to Uganda with the local tour operators and when it comes to this point, ADVENTURE IN THE WILD SAFARIS is the best with skilled tour guides ready to take you through your wildlife viewing safari safe and enjoyably.